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Developmental Disorders
 
 

Autism

 
1. What is Autism?
 
Autism is a brain disorder which affects three main areas of human development: speech, communication, and social interaction. It is a spectrum disorder, meaning that two people with autism may have very different symptoms or characteristics.
 
2. What are the signs of autism?
 

Children have autism may have the following characteristics in their behaviors and may vary greatly in the degrees of severity.

Spin objects or self
Sustained unusual or repetitive play
Little, avoid or no eye contact
Prefer to be alone
Delay in language development
Insistence on sameness
Uneven physical skills
Laugh, cry, or show distress for unknown reasons
Over-active or under-active
Difficult to express needs, use gestures instead of speaking
Repeat words or phrases in meaningless way
Inappropriate attachment to objects
Reject or avoid personal touch such as holding or hugging
Unresponsive to normal teaching methods
Oversensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain
Failure to develop peer relationships

 
3. How can I know if my child has autism?
 
There is no medical test for autism. An autism diagnosis must be carried out by a team of professionals through observation and testing of the child. Usually, this can be diagnosed when the child is 2 -3 years old.
 
4. What causes autism?
 
Up to now, no single cause or cure has been identified although there is wide research on the subject. However, autism is definitely not a result of poor parenting or the children being spoiled. Some researches seem to suggest that it is caused by both genetic and environmental factors such as vaccines or environmental toxins.
 
5. How does autism relate to IQ?
 
Adaptability and intelligence tests shows that most children with autism have some level of mental retardation. However, some people with autism have average to above average intelligence. A few even have superior IQs.
 
6. How is autism treated?
 
In conventional medicine, autism is considered a neurological disorder which has no cure. However, there has been a number of theories, researches and evidence showing that early intervention is extremely important to the child's development and many behaviours can be positively changed.

Today, with wide research on this subject, different educational approaches and strategies have been developed and proved to provide positive results. Some children or adult, to untrained people, may appear just do not have autism at all. Studies show that highly-structured, specialized education program tailored to the child's individual needs has positive outcomes. However, there is no single teaching method for autism.

Other treatment may help include medicine, diet, vitamins, occupational and sensory therapies. It is reported that some parents find that their children's symptoms and behaviors improved by following biomedical approaches such as gluten and casein free diet and with the addition of nutritional supplements.

>> Click here for more autism information

 
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